Teaching Strategies and Examples: Sound Isolation
Use Conspicuous Strategies
- Show children how to do all the steps in the task before asking children to do the task.
- Use consistent and brief wording.
- Correct errors by telling the answer and having children repeat the correct answer.
Example: (Put down 2 pictures that begin with different sounds and say the names of the pictures.) "My turn to say the first sound in man, /mmm/. Mmman begins with /mmm/. Everyone, say the first sound in man, /mmm
Non-example: "Who can tell me the first sounds in these pictures?"
Example: "The first sound in Mmman is /mmm/. Everyone say the first sound in man, /mmm/."
Non-example: "Man starts with the same sound as the first sounds in mountain, mop, and Miranda. Does anyone know other words that begin with the same sound as man?"
Example: "The first sound in Man is /mmm/. Say the first sound in mmman with me, /mmm/. /Mmmm/."
Non-example: Asking the question again or asking more questions. "Look at the picture again. What is the first sound?"
Video Clip Example: First Sound Identification
Specific Skill: First sound identification using /e/ as an example.
Skills taught prior to this clip were: Sound and word discrimination.
Things to look for in this clip:
- What the teacher does:
- Uses materials effortlessly
- Provides many opportunities for both group and individual student responses
- Monitors student behavior closely and confirms student understanding by repeating the correct response
- What the student does:
- Produces and practices the new skill multiple times
- Answers with highly accurate responses in group and individually
- Participates actively during instruction
|First Sound Identification|
The next instructional objectives for this group:
- First-sound isolation with new sounds
- Identify final sounds
- Segment individual sounds in words
Instructional Materials used in this clip:
Simmons, D. & Kame'enui, E. (1999) Optimize. Eugene, OR: College of Education, Institute for Development of Educational Achievement, University of Oregon.