Phonemic Awareness


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Teaching Strategies and Examples: Phoneme Segmentation

Strategically Integrate Familiar and New Information

  1. Recycle instructional and practice examples used for blending. Blending and segmenting are sides of the same coin. The only difference is whether children hear or produce a segmented word. Note: A segmenting response is more difficult for children to reproduce than a blending response.

    Example: "Listen, my lion puppet likes to say the sounds in words. The sounds in mom are /mmm/ - /ooo/ - /mmm/. Say the sounds in mom with us. "

  2. Concurrently teach letter-sound correspondences for the sounds children will be segmenting in words.

    Example: Letter sound /s/ and words sun and sit. Put down letter cards for familiar letter-sounds. Then, have children place pictures by the letter that begins with the same sound as the picture.

    Non-example: Use letter-sounds that have not been taught when teaching first sound in pictures for phoneme isolation activities.

  3. Make the connections between sounds in words and sounds of letters.

    Example: After children can segment the first sound, have them use letter tiles to represent the sounds.

    Non-example: Letters in mastered phonologic activities are not used. Explicit connections between alphabetic and phonologic activities are not made.

  4. Use phonologic skills to teach more advanced reading skills, such as blending letter-sounds to read words.

    Example: (Give children a 3-square strip and the letter tiles for s, u, n.) Have children do familiar tasks and blending to teach stretched blending with letters.

Video Clip Example: Phonemic Segmentation

Specific Skill: Segmenting the individual sounds in words with letter tiles using one-syllable phonetically regular words as examples (e.g., mop, sad)

Skills taught prior to this clip were:

Things to look for in this clip:

Video Clip Play Button Phonemic Segmentation

The next instructional objectives for this group:

Instructional Materials used in this clip:
Simmons, D. & Kame'enui, E. (1999) Optimize. Eugene, OR: College of Education, Institute for Development of Educational Achievement, University of Oregon.