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Teaching Strategies and Examples: Oral Vocabulary Teaching Strategies

Simplifying Direct Vocabulary Instruction: Matching Instruction to Your Goal

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  1. Model positive and negative examples of the new concept. (e.g., "This is a mitten." or "This is not a mitten.").
  2. Test student on their mastery of the examples (e.g., "Is this a mitten or not a mitten?").
  3. Present different examples of the new word along with examples of other previously taught words. Ask for names (e.g., "What is this?", "What color is this?" or "Tell me how I'm writing.").

Examples of Content Teaching

Teaching Red Concept Model Teaching Over Concept Model Teaching Bird Concept Model

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  1. Teacher equates a new word (sturdy) with a known word(s) (strong). (e.g., "Here is a new word. Sturdy. Sturdy means strong.").
  2. Teacher tests a set of positive and negative examples for the new word. (e.g., "Tell me sturdy or not sturdy.").
  3. Teacher provides practice in applying several recently taught synonyms. (e.g., "Is that sturdy? Is it tidy? Is it mild?").

When Teaching Synonyms

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  1. Teacher tells the students the definition and has them repeat it. (e.g., "An exit is a door that leads out of a building. What is an exit?").
  2. Teacher tests the students on positive and negative examples to ensure that the students understand the definition and that they are not just memorizing a series of words. ("Is this an exit or not an exit? How do you know?").
  3. Teacher provides a review of previous words. ("What is this? How do you know?").

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The Way You Teach Vocabulary Depends on Your Goal

Kindergarten Standard: Identify Common Words and Sort in Basic Categories (colors, shapes, foods)

Use concept teaching (modeling) when children have limited language and explanations contain words children do not understand.

Features of Concept Teaching (Modeling):