Reading difficulties are persistent

Empirical Support

Grade Identified as Dyslexic % Brought to Normal Classroom Level
First 2 grades 82%
Grade 3 46%
Grades 5-7 10-15%
(cited in Foorman, et al., 1996; see References)

According to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1998 (see References):

GOAL: All children reading by the end of third grade.

The Scope of Reading in the U.S.

Demographics and Societal Trends

The Persistence of Reading Difficulties

The Difficulty of Sustaining Effective Practices

Teaching Reading is the Integration of Two Complex Systems

Schoolwide Reading Model Logo
Schoolwide Beginning Reading Model